Arctic Wolf Agent Diagnostic Vulnerability Reports

User Guide

Overview Direct link to this section

This guide provides steps for Arctic Wolf® Agent vulnerability debug scans, depending on the operating system (OS) of the device.

Arctic Wolf can enable debug reports remotely for Agent vulnerability scans to provide details about how a vulnerability was found. Due to the number of vulnerability tests performed and potentially found, only the first 50 vulnerabilities are detailed in the remote debug report. To capture all vulnerability findings, you can perform a long form diagnostic scan directly on the device with the option to report on all vulnerabilities.

Note: You must perform at least one standard Agent scan prior to performing these steps, and the device must have 4 GB of RAM available to generate the expected output files.

Performing an Agent vulnerabilities debug scan on Windows Direct link to this section

To obtain additional detail about how a vulnerability was detected on a device, you can perform an Agent vulnerability debug scan and then interpret the information. The scan generates the following files:

To perform an Agent vulnerabilities debug scan on Windows:

  1. On the device, create a copy of the C:\Program Files (x86)\Arctic Wolf Networks\Agent\scans\oval.ini file, and rename it to oval_copy.ini.

  2. In a text editor, open the new oval_copy.ini file.

    Note: You may need administrator rights to open this file for editing.

  3. In the file, find the section starting with [Report: Target results -> JSON events]. The file contents should look similar to:

    [Benchmark]
    source: windows_10.xml
    xccdf_id: xccdf_org.joval_benchmark_generated
    xccdf_version: 0

    [Logs]
    level: off
    output.extension: .log

    [Report: Target results -> JSON events]
    export.dir: scans/reports/vulnerability
    input.type: arf
    output.extension: json
    transform.file: scans/scan-utility/tools/arf_xccdf_results_to_json_events.xsl

    [Target: LOCALHOST]
    host: localhost
  4. Click clipboard to copy the following content and replace the entire section in the previous step:

    [Report: Raw ARF report]
    export.dir: C:\Program Files (x86)\Arctic Wolf Networks\Agent\scans\reports\vulnerability
    input.type: arf
    output.extension: arf.xml

    [Report: Diagnostic HTML report]
    export.dir: C:\Program Files (x86)\Arctic Wolf Networks\Agent\scans\reports\vulnerability
    input.type: xccdf_results#failureDiag
    output.extension: diagnostic.html
    transform.file: C:\Program Files (x86)\Arctic Wolf Networks\Agent\scans\scan-utility\tools\xccdf_results_to_html.xsl

    [Report: Annotated HTML report]
    export.dir: C:\Program Files (x86)\Arctic Wolf Networks\Agent\scans\reports\vulnerability
    input.type: json#annotated
    output.extension: annotated.html
    transform.file: C:\Program Files (x86)\Arctic Wolf Networks\Agent\scans\scan-utility\tools\hostscan_json_to_html.js

    Notes:

    • Always check syntax when editing the .ini file, including confirming that export.dir, input.type, output.extension, and transform.file are each on their own line.
    • To review only results that failed vulnerability scanning checks, ensure that the input.type field in oval_copy.ini is set to xccdf_results#failureDiag.
    • If you would like to include all successful and failed vulnerability scanning tests, change the input.type field in oval_copy.ini to xccdf_results#diagnostic. This may be significantly larger in size than using xccdf_results#failureDiag.
  5. Open a command prompt as an administrator.

  6. Click the clipboard to copy this command to the command line, including the double quotation marks, to perform the scan:

    "C:\Program Files (x86)\Arctic Wolf Networks\Agent\scans\jre\<version-number>\bin\java.exe" -Xmx4096m -Djoval.shellcommandAdapter.enable=true -Djoval.diagnostics.maxCount=2000 -Dlicense.file="C:\Program Files (x86)\Arctic Wolf Networks\Agent\scans\scan-utility\rootsecure.com.sig.xml" -jar "C:\Program Files (x86)\Arctic Wolf Networks\Agent\scans\scan-utility\Scan-Utilities.jar" scan -c "C:\Program Files (x86)\Arctic Wolf Networks\Agent\scans\oval_copy.ini"

    Notes:

    • Replace <version-number> with the current installed jre version.
    • For a 64-bit OS, if you receive an insufficient memory error, change the -Xmx4096m flag value in the command to -Xmx6144m to expand the memory size from 4 GB to 6 GB. This means that the device needs 6 GB of space available.
  7. Wait for the scan to complete, and then look for the output files in the C:\Program Files (x86)\Arctic Wolf Networks\Agent\scans\reports\vulnerability\ folder.

    Note: To view the scan progress, you may need to press Enter in the command or terminal window during the scan.

  8. Upload the raw XML output, HTML Diagnostic Vulnerability long form report, and HTML Annotated report to Arctic Wolf, using the link that your Concierge Security® Team (CST) provided. If you do not have a link, contact your CST at security@arcticwolf.com.

  9. (Optional) Open the HTML Annotated report in a browser and click Fail in the Rule Results Summary to filter on the vulnerabilities found and view failed tests.

    Note: See Risk Dashboard User Guide to interpret the report results.

Performing an Agent vulnerabilities debug scan on macOS Direct link to this section

To obtain additional detail about how a vulnerability was detected on a device, you can perform an Agent vulnerability debug scan and then interpret the information. The scan generates the following debug files:

To perform an Agent vulnerabilities debug scan on macOS:

  1. On the device, create a copy of the /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/oval.ini file, and rename it to oval_copy.ini.

  2. In a text editor, open the new oval_copy.ini file.

    Note: You may need administrator rights to open this file for editing.

  3. In the file, find the section starting with [Report: Target results -> JSON events]. The file contents should look similar to:

    [Benchmark]
    source: /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/vulnerability/OVAL_MAC_VULN_PATCH-oval.xml
    xccdf_id: xccdf_org.joval_benchmark_generated
    xccdf_version: 0

    [Logs]
    level: off
    output.extension: .log

    [Report: Target results -> JSON events]
    export.dir: /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/reports/vulnerability
    input.type: arf
    output.extension: json
    transform.file: /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/scan-utility/tools/arf_xccdf_results_to_json_events.xsl

    [Target: LOCALHOST]
    host: localhost
  4. Click clipboard to copy the following content and replace the entire section in the previous step:

    [Report: Raw ARF report]
    export.dir: /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/reports/vulnerability
    input.type: arf
    output.extension: arf.xml

    [Report: Diagnostic HTML report]
    export.dir: /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/reports/vulnerability
    input.type: xccdf_results#failureDiag
    output.extension: diagnostic.html
    transform.file: /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/reports/vulnerability/xccdf_results_to_html.xsl

    [Report: Annotated HTML report]
    export.dir: /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/reports/vulnerability
    input.type: json#annotated
    output.extension: annotated.html
    transform.file: /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/scan-utility/tools/hostscan_json_to_html.js

    Notes:

    • Always check syntax when editing the .ini file, including confirming that export.dir, input.type, output.extension, and transform.file are each on their own line.
    • To review only results that failed vulnerability scanning checks, ensure that the input.type field in oval_copy.ini is set to xccdf_results#failureDiag.
    • If you would like to include all successful and failed vulnerability scanning tests, change the input.type field in oval_copy.ini to xccdf_results#diagnostic. This may be significantly larger in size than using xccdf_results#failureDiag.
  5. Open a command prompt as an administrator.

  6. Click the clipboard to copy this command to the command line to perform the scan:

    /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/jre/<version-number>/bin/java -Xmx4096m -Djoval.shellcommandAdapter.enable=true -Djoval.diagnostics.maxCount=2000 -Dlicense.file=/Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/scan-utility/rootsecure.com.sig.xml -jar /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/scan-utility/Scan-Utilities.jar scan -c /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/oval_copy.ini

    Notes:

    • Replace <version-number> with the current installed jre version.
    • For a 64-bit OS, if you receive an insufficient memory error, change the -Xmx4096m flag value in the command to -Xmx6144m to expand the memory size from 4 GB to 6 GB. This means that the device needs 6 GB of space available.
  7. Wait for the scan to complete, and then look for the ouput files in the /Library/ArcticWolfNetworks/Agent/scans/reports/vulnerability/ folder.

  8. Upload the raw XML output, HTML Diagnostic Vulnerability long form report, and HTML Annotated report to Arctic Wolf, using the link that your Concierge Security® Team (CST) provided. If you do not have a link, contact your CST at security@arcticwolf.com.

  9. (Optional) Open the HTML Annotated report in a browser and click Fail in the Rule Results Summary to filter on the vulnerabilities found and view failed tests.

    Note: See Risk Dashboard User Guide to interpret the report results.